Extension workers in the tropics often lack the knowledge to advise farmers on proper manure management. This training manual with focus on the tropics and subtropics closes this knowledge gap. The manual covers the proper handling of livestock manure throughout the whole manure chain from collection to application.
Integrated Manure Management
The livestock housing system mainly determines the consistency of the manure e.g. whether dung is mixed with urine, flush water, bedding material or feed left-overs. This also implies that proper, integrated manure management is always site-specific, depending on local circumstances. Manure, being a valuable source of crop nutrients, organic matter and renewable energy; is key in maintaining soil health and productivity; and hence is key in improving food security. Integrated manure management is essential in all livestock systems because it ensures an optimal use of these sources. Poorly managed manure loses nutrients and organic matter, causing environmental and climate problems as well as public health issues; and increases the need for substitutional (expensive) synthetic fertilizers. Integrated manure management is not one-size-fits-all.